The Great Fire of London broke out

Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu signs the Instrument of Surrender on behalf of the Japanese Government, on board USS Missouri (BB-63), 2 September 1945. Lieutenant General Richard K. Sutherland, U.S. Army, watches from the opposite side of the table. Foreign Ministry representative Toshikazu Kase is assisting Mr. Shigemitsu.

Today is Sept. 2. On this date in:


The Great Fire of London broke out, lasting five days and destroying nearly one-third of the medieval city.

The Great Fire of London, 1666.


The United States Treasury Department was established.


During the Civil War, Union Gen. William T. Sherman’s forces occupied Atlanta.

Theodore Roosevelt, c. 1904.


Vice President Theodore Roosevelt offered the advice, “Speak softly and carry a big stick” in a speech at the Minnesota State Fair.


Japan formally surrendered in ceremonies aboard the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay, ending World War II.


Ho Chi Minh declared Vietnam an independent republic. (Ho died on this date in 1969.)


“The CBS Evening News” with Walter Cronkite was lengthened from 15 to 30 minutes, becoming network television's first half-hour nightly newscast.

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